No Icatibant for ACE-I Induced Angioedema

When it comes to Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitor (ACE-I) induced angioedema, we don’t have a lot of therapeutic options. Traditionally, patients receive the standard allergic reaction medications including corticosteroids, histamine receptor blockers, and sometimes epinephrine. But, for true ACE-I induced angioedema, these therapies do not target the underlying cause and probably treat the clinician more than the patient. In severe cases with airway involvement, we long for a treatment that can reverse impending intubation (or worse).

Enter icatibant, a bradykinin B2 receptor antagonist, that theoretically does target the pathologic process.

A 2015 New England Journal of Medicine study generated quite a bit of publicity when the authors concluded from their phase II trial that icatibant shortened time to resolution of ACE-I induced angioedema.

The CAMEO study group just published their findings of the subsequent phase III study.

What They Did

  • 2-armed, randomized double-blind clinical trial conducted at 31 centers in 4 countries
  • Included: Adults on ACE-Is presenting within 12 hours of the onset of at least moderately severe angioedema
  • Randomized 1:1 to icatibant 30 mg or placebo (subcutaneously)
  • Primary efficacy endpoint: time to meeting discharge criteria after study drug administration, based on the severity of airway symptoms assessed hourly by a blinded physician using clinical ratings across 4 domains

What They Found

  • 121 subjects were randomized
  • Treatment administered a median of 7.8 hours from symptom onset
  • No difference in time to meeting discharge criteria between groups
  • No difference in time to onset of symptom relief or any other secondary end point

A separate European group in 2016 similarly found no clinical efficacy with icatibant for ACE-I induced angioedema.

Application to Clinical Practice

Don’t reach for icatibant in ACE-I induced angioedema cases. It doesn’t work and is very expensive.

Related Thoughts

  • Word on the street is that this study was rejected by NEJM, perhaps in part because it was a negative trial and contradicted the 2015 findings published in the journal.
  • This study was funded by Shire, the maker of icatibant. Props to the study investigators for publishing a negative trial funded by a pharmaceutical company.
  • When patients arrive in the ED with suspected ACE-I induced angioedema, please remember to update their allergy profiles. It is an oft forgotten, but critically important step.

Reference

Sinert R, et al. Randomized Trial of Icatibant for Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor-Induced Upper Airway Angioedema. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2017 May 25. Epub ahead of print. [PMID 28552382]

1 thought on “No Icatibant for ACE-I Induced Angioedema”

  1. Frustrating that the promising phase 2 trial was published in the NEJM, yet the definitive phase 3 data was relegated to the J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract…

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